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Dick holbrooke secretary of state

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InHolbrooke returned to While assistant secretary, Holbrooke. Mr.

Xxx Bestwapcom Watch Double head blow job Video Pornpics bisex. Politics Obituaries. In Politics Obituaries. Telegraph on Facebook. More from The Telegraph. More from the web. Most-read Obituaries. Rob Ford, Canadian politician. Johan Cruyff, footballer. Proud and mercurial Dutch football star who developed a fast-moving and fluid style of play. Colonel Robert Hunter. Army officer who knocked out two Tiger tanks in Germany. Sir Peter Moores. Philanthropist and heir to the Littlewoods empire who became a generous patron of the arts. Though his parents were ethnic Jews, they had little sense of Jewish identity, and were atheists. His father, Dan, had been born in Warsaw of Russian-Jewish parents and in the s came to the US, where he was a successful medical doctor. Dick's mother was the former Trudi Moos, a potter. She had first gone to Argentina as a refugee from Germany before moving to the US. Dick was educated at Scarsdale high school, in New York's affluent Westchester county suburb, one of the most academically successful secondary schools in the US. Graduating in , he was influenced by Kennedy's call to young Americans to serve the nation. Holbrooke joined the foreign service, and in was sent as a civilian official to Vietnam, where he was one of a talented cohort of young men who were to become leaders in American diplomacy, including John Negroponte, George W Bush's ambassador to Iraq and deputy secretary of state; Les Aspin, a future congressman and secretary of defence; and Anthony Lake, who became Clinton's national security adviser. Holbrooke worked for the infamous Robert Komer, who earned the sobriquet "Blowtorch Bob" for his work in the Phoenix "strategic hamlets" programme of forced resettlement. Once back in Washington in , Holbrooke worked for two years in the White House under Johnson, and then at the state department, where he was a junior member of the delegation to the fruitless initial peace talks with North Vietnam in Paris. He also wrote one volume of the famous Pentagon Papers, the government's secret history of its involvement in Vietnam, subsequently leaked to the New York Times and the Washington Post by Daniel Ellsberg. In , probably aware that his Vietnam service might not be universally admired, Holbrooke asked to be sent to Morocco as director of the Peace Corps there. The film opens with Holbrooke in his boyish early 20s, the classic Kennedy-era American abroad in khakis, Ray-Bans and oxford cloth. Fresh out of college, he was an ambitious young man who had set off to be a journalist but snagged a job in the foreign service first. His sharply worded and critical dispatches from the field, unusual from a junior officer, set the tone for his career. He thrived under Democratic presidents, serving in the Carter, Clinton and Obama administrations in various high-ranking positions, including U. His greatest diplomatic feat was masterminding a peace accord in the Balkans, applying a combination of personal charm and steel on the bully, Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic, as NATO backed him up with bombs. These historical regions do not correspond with the two autonomous political entities that were established by the…. United Nations UN , international organization established on October 24, The United Nations UN was the second multipurpose international organization established in the 20th century that was worldwide in scope and membership. Its predecessor, the League of Nations, was created by the Treaty of Versailles in and disbanded in…. Barack Obama , 44th president of the United States —17 and the first African American to hold the office. Before winning the presidency, Obama represented Illinois in the U. Senate — He was the third African American to…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox! By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Policy. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Help us improve this article! Contact our editors with your feedback. He is survived by Ms. Marton; his two sons; his brother, Andrew; and two stepchildren, Christopher and Elizabeth Jennings. After language training, he spent three years working in Vietnam. In , he joined President Lyndon B. The talks achieved no breakthrough, but the experience taught him much about the arts of negotiation. In , after a year as a fellow at Princeton, he became director of the Peace Corps in Morocco. He quit government service in and over the next five years edited the quarterly journal Foreign Policy. Holbrooke left the government and for more than a decade focused on writing and investment banking. When President Clinton took office in , Mr. Holbrooke was named ambassador to Germany. He helped found the American Academy in Berlin as a cultural exchange center. He returned to Washington in as assistant secretary of state for European affairs. His top priority soon became the horrendous civil war in the former Yugoslavia, a conflict precipitated by the secession of Croatia, Slovenia, Macedonia and Bosnia. After months of shuttle diplomacy, Mr. Holbrooke in achieved a breakthrough cease-fire and a framework for dividing Bosnia into two entities, one of Bosnian Serbs and another of Croatians and Muslims. The endgame negotiations, involving the Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic, President Franjo Tudjman of Croatia and President Alija Izetbegovic of Bosnia, unfolded in Dayton, Ohio, where a peace agreement was reached after months of hard bargaining led by Mr. It was the high-water mark of a career punctuated with awards, honorary degrees and prestigious seats on the boards of the Asia Society, the American Museum of Natural History, the National Endowment for Democracy, the Council on Foreign Relations, Refugees International and other organizations. He was 59 when he left the United Nations as the Clinton administration drew to a close. But there was to be one more task..

Holbrooke was hospitalized on Friday afternoon after becoming ill while meeting with Secretary of Dick holbrooke secretary of state Hillary Rodham Clinton in her. Richard Charles Albert Holbrooke (–). Non-career appointee. States of Residence: District of Columbia, New York.

Assistant Secretary of State for East. He was also made the butt of jokes by former Secretary of State Colin Powell and former Clinton White House chief of staff John Podesta over. As Dick holbrooke secretary of state secretary of state for Europe from toHolbrooke was the chief architect of the Dayton peace agreement that ended the war in.

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Ambassador to the U.

Dick holbrooke secretary of state work-life balance was never a factor in his long foreign service career, spanning a steamy backwoods post in Vietnam at the dawn of that war to his last post, the one that arguably killed him, the diplomatic version of the Augean Stables—solving Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Samantha Power, the president of Afghanistan and many more American foreign policy leaders, thinkers and journalists. The film opens with Holbrooke in his boyish early 20s, the classic Kennedy-era American abroad in khakis, Ray-Bans and oxford cloth. Holbrooke was the vice chairman of Perseus LLC, a leading private equity firm. He was a see more of the Trilateral Commissionand he has been listed on their membership roster as one of their "Former Members in Public Service".

Holbrooke was also an honorary trustee of the Dayton International Peace Museumas well as professor-at-large at the Watson Institute for International Link at Brown Universityhis alma mater.

Additionally, Holbrooke was an Advisory Board member for the Partnership for a Secure Americaa not-for-profit organization dedicated to recreating the bipartisan center in American national security and foreign policy.

He wrote numerous articles and two books: He received more than a dozen honorary degrees, including an LL. On March 20,he appeared on The Colbert Report to mediate in what Stephen Colbert or rather, his television alter-ego saw as Willie Dick holbrooke secretary of state infringing on his ice cream flavor time.

Holbrooke was the 'ambassador on call' and after a short mediation process the two parties agreed to taste each other's Ben and Jerry's ice cream to make amends. The documentary was directed by his son, David Holbrookeand features notes from Holbrooke's "secret audio diary" which "he dictated on a near daily Dick holbrooke secretary of state from August Dick holbrooke secretary of state his death".

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Dick holbrooke secretary of state was a member of the Steering Committee of the Bilderberg Group. In JanuaryHolbrooke said that " Iraq will be one of the major issues facing Dick holbrooke secretary of state incoming Bush administration at the United Nations. His willingness to be cruel internally is not unique in the world, but the combination of that and his willingness to export his problems makes him a click here and present danger at all times.

On February 24,Holbrooke delivered the Democratic Party 's weekly radio address and called for "a new strategy in Iraq", involving "a careful, phased redeployment of U.

Holbrooke was married three times. His first wife was Larrine Sullivan, whom he married in ; they had two sons, David and Anthony, before Holbrooke and Sullivan divorced in Holbrooke died on December 13,from complications of the torn aorta.

Frank Rich of New York Times wrote: On January 14,Holbrooke's memorial service was held at John F. Kennedy Link for the Performing Arts.

stockings nude Watch Aruba chupa toonto Video bdsm naked. Bilderberg Group. United States Diplomatic Mission to Italy. Democratic National Committee. The Boston Globe. Retrieved 14 December ABC News. United States Ambassadors to Germany. United States Ambassadors to the United Nations. Cabinet of President Bill Clinton — Warren M. Christopher — Madeleine Albright — Les Aspin —94 William J. Perry — William S. Cohen — Janet Reno — Bruce Babbitt — Mike Espy —94 Dan Glickman — Daley — Norman Mineta — Robert Reich — Alexis M. Herman — Donna Shalala — Henry G. Cisneros — Andrew M. Cuomo — Richard W. Riley — Jesse Brown —97 Togo West — Al Gore — Samantha Power, the president of Afghanistan and many more American foreign policy leaders, thinkers and journalists. The film opens with Holbrooke in his boyish early 20s, the classic Kennedy-era American abroad in khakis, Ray-Bans and oxford cloth. Fresh out of college, he was an ambitious young man who had set off to be a journalist but snagged a job in the foreign service first. On March 27th, the Administration rolled out its new strategy for Afghanistan and Pakistan. Obama, in a speech, reminded the country that Al Qaeda was still trying to attack America. It sounded tough-minded, and it offered Americans a simple and self-interested reason for their young people to risk death in remote places. But the implications were broad. He also said that the Administration would establish benchmarks for measuring progress. Last week, around fifty of them were finally released to Congress. The new strategy meant different things to different audiences. According to Shuja Nawaz, an analyst of the Pakistani military, the aid package was seen in Pakistan as a sign of American support, while in Afghanistan the Obama strategy, with its talk of lowered expectations for Afghan democracy, raised fears of reduced commitment. On May 30th, Morton Abramowitz ran into Holbrooke at a memorial service. But there is no short-term fix. The rationale is counterterrorism. The strategy is counter-insurgency. But he never said anything about leaving Afghanistan on a specified timetable. Our goal has got to be to get combat troops out eventually. But any correct policy toward Afghanistan involves extended economic assistance. In early December, , Vali Nasr, an Iranian-American scholar of the Muslim world, especially Pakistan, received a text message from Holbrooke around midnight, wondering if Nasr was awake. When Nasr called back, Holbrooke told him that his new special-representative role was going to be mentioned in the Washington Post the next day. Holbrooke locked him in as well. Holbrooke and his wife, Kati Marton, an author and a human-rights activist, perched atop a rusting Soviet tank in the Afghan city of Herat. Berk, who had worked briefly in Afghanistan, wrote an e-mail to Holbrooke with some ideas for agriculture in Afghanistan, expecting no answer. Within a few days, he had an interview scheduled. Holbrooke, who knew little about agriculture other than that it was an essential but neglected area in Afghanistan, pummelled Berk with questions, then offered him a job. An Afghan-American woman in her thirties, Amiri came from a royalist family in Kabul that had fled to America when the Afghan king Zahir Shah was overthrown, in ; since , she had been working in Afghanistan on political and human-rights issues, for the U. Amiri sat in the row behind Holbrooke and pressed him about a constitutional problem related to the Afghan elections. I just turned your lobbying into a job interview. She asked him for more specifics. Amiri was wary of losing her independence. Would she be in a meeting in Kabul where her American boss pounded his fist on the table? It took a month, but eventually Holbrooke won her over, hiring her as an Afghanistan expert. Holbrooke has taken over two suites of offices at State Department headquarters, filling them with a staff that has grown to some thirty people. He had told Clinton that he would need around fifteen. Nine government agencies, including the C. The Af-Pak suites are treasuries of Holbrookeana: Anyone who works for Holbrooke can walk into his office. I rarely go home before nine or ten. He can be a pain, but he promotes his people. Holbrooke in Ghazni, Afghanistan, last July. He visits the region at least every other month. He went out of his way to bring opposing viewpoints into his office. In his role as an academic, he can explore the possibility of negotiations with Taliban leaders, although official American policy is to reconcile only with insurgents who have already laid down their arms and accepted political participation. Rubin has written that even the best counter-insurgency cannot win the war. Instead, he argues, there should be an international effort to give Pakistan security guarantees; then its military could be encouraged to push Taliban leaders to make a deal with the Afghan government, thus giving America a way out. Holbrooke wants both points of view on his staff. A more farsighted wisdom is often unwelcome. And very often in the government the exact opposite happens. In addition to setting up his office, Holbrooke had a number of important relationships to nurture. There was a problem with your submission. Please try again later. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Keep Exploring Britannica Ronald Reagan. Ronald Reagan, 40th president of the United States —89 , noted for his conservative Republicanism,…. Read this Article. Donald Trump, 45th president of the United States —. Trump was a real-estate developer and businessman…. Barack Obama, 44th president of the United States —17 and the first African American to hold the…. View More. This was the third such occasion, his marriages to Larrine Sullivan, a lawyer, and Blythe Babyak, a television producer, having ended in divorce. His new bride was the television journalist Kati Marton, daughter of the Associated Press's White House correspondent, Endre Marton, and previously the wife of the television anchor Peter Jennings. Marton had been brought up as a Roman Catholic, but discovered that her grandparents were Jews and had died in Auschwitz. Holbrooke resigned from government because he wanted to move back to New York with Kati, and went to work for Credit Suisse First Boston. The bank allowed him to act as President Clinton's representative, first to Cyprus in , and later to Kosovo, where atrocities had been committed by Serbs on the Albanian majority. Extremely tough discussions followed, and when it proved impossible to reach agreement he lobbied within government for air strikes on Serbia. But no breakthrough was forthcoming, and so shortly afterwards Nato began the bombing campaign of March-June that resulted in Serbia's capitulation. It had taken more than a year for his appointment to be confirmed, in part because he was accused of lobbying for Credit Suisse First Boston when engaged on government business. It ends up being a semi-profile on Richard. They assured him it was going to be about policy, Afghanistan policy. Crowley said he did not remember writing the email but added: They preferred public figures to run between the hash marks, while Richard was preternaturally inclined to expand the size of the playing field. According to numerous accounts, though he was nominally supposed to report to the president, Holbrooke was largely ignored and restrained by then-National Security Adviser James Jones and a coterie of close aides around Obama, including the current chief of staff, Denis McDonough. This was especially true when Holbrooke sought to tackle larger regional issues, in particular the tense relationship between India and Pakistan, which the Pakistani military and intelligence apparatus have historically used to justify their support of Islamist radicals like the Taliban. Holbrooke served as ambassador to Germany in , when he helped enlarge the North Atlantic alliance; achieved his diplomatic breakthroughs in Bosnia as assistant secretary of state for European affairs in ; and was chief representative to the United Nations, a cabinet post, for 17 months from to After fighting erupted in the Democratic Republic of Congo in , he led a Security Council delegation on a mission to Africa. He also backed sanctions against Angolan rebels in Holbrooke was frustrated in his ambition to be secretary of state; he was the runner-up to Madeleine K. Albright, Mr. Obama installed Mrs. Clinton in the post in View all New York Times newsletters. Foreign policy was his life. Even during Republican administrations, when he was not in government, he was deeply engaged, undertaking missions as a private citizen traveling through the war-weary Balkans and the backwaters of Africa and Asia to see firsthand the damage and devastating human costs of genocide, civil wars, and H. And his voice on the outside remained influential — as an editor of Foreign Policy magazine from to , as a writer of columns for The Washington Post and analytical articles for many other publications, and as the author of two books. Holbrooke also made millions as an investment banker on Wall Street. In the early s, he was a co-founder of a Washington consulting firm, Public Strategies, which was later sold to Lehman Brothers..

The film Diplomacy was dedicated to Holbrooke. InHolbrooke's son David directed a documentary, The Diplomatwhich chronicled his father's professional life and achievements. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Richard Holbrooke.

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Larrine Sullivan m. Blythe Babyak m. Kati Marton m. This section relies largely or entirely upon a single source.

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Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Can I go? Can we claim more leadership for you, me and State?

Xxxxxxx Bf Watch Club clothes ideas Video Porn amaeture. This experience committed Holbrooke to pursuing a more aggressive policy in Balkans and, in a memo to his colleagues, he urged that "Bosnia will be the key test of American policy in Europe. We must therefore succeed in whatever we attempt. In , after Bill Clinton became President, Holbrooke was initially slated to be Ambassador to Japan due to his depth of knowledge and long experience in Asian affairs. However, this appointment eventually went to former Vice President Walter Mondale , and Holbrooke unexpectedly was appointed Ambassador to Germany. He was Chairman and principal author of the "Memo to the President-Elect: Holbrooke served in Germany during a dramatic moment: A highlight of his tenure was President Bill Clinton's visit to Berlin in July , when thousands of Germans crammed the streets to welcome the American leader. In , while serving as U. Ambassador to Germany, he conceived the idea of a cultural exchange center between the people of Berlin and Americans. Army Berlin Brigade left Berlin. It is now one of the most important links between Germany and the United States. Stapleton Roy. In , Holbrooke returned to Washington to become the assistant secretary for European and Canadian Affairs , a position he held until , when he resigned for personal reasons he had recently married the author Kati Marton and wished to return to New York. While assistant secretary, Holbrooke led the effort to implement the policy to enlarge NATO and had the distinction of leading the negotiation team charged with resolving the Balkans crisis. In Paris in December , he was the chief architect of the Dayton Peace Accords which ended a three-and-a-half-year-long war in Bosnia. Upon leaving the State Department, Holbrooke was asked by President Clinton to become, as a private citizen, a special envoy to the Balkans given his distinguished service in the region. Holbrooke left his post as assistant secretary of state for European and Canadian affairs and joined Credit Suisse First Boston , eventually taking the position of Vice Chairman. In , Holbrooke became a special envoy to Cyprus and the Balkans on a pro-bono basis as a private citizen. During and , in his capacity as special presidential envoy, Holbrooke worked to end the conflict between the armed forces of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Kosovo Liberation Army KLA , who were fighting for an independent Kosovo in the Kosovo War. Holbrooke returned to Bosnia two years later to the city of Sarajevo. The New York Times ranked the book as one of the eleven best books of the year in In August , Holbrooke was sworn-in as the 22nd U. Ambassador to the United Nations , replacing Bill Richardson. During his tenure, Holbrooke was known for innovation and for achieving diplomatic breakthroughs that settled a series of longstanding tensions in the United States' relationship with the UN. His highest-profile accomplishment was negotiating a historic deal between the United States and the UN's then Member States to settle the bulk of arrears owed by the United States to the United Nations. As negotiations reached a critical phase in the fall of , Holbrooke bridged a gap between what the United States was legally permitted to pay and the amounts the rest of the UN membership were willing to shoulder by securing an unprecedented contribution by billionaire Ted Turner , founder of the UN Foundation. Holbrooke and his team received a standing ovation in the United States Senate Foreign Relations Committee when the terms of the deal were presented. In January , Holbrooke used the United States' presidency of the UN Security Council to spotlight a series of crises in Africa, holding six consecutive UN debates that brought together leaders from the region and the across the globe, including former South African President Nelson Mandela and then U. Holbrooke decried a "double standard" whereby African conflicts received insufficient global attention. Holbrooke also secured membership for Israel in the UN's Western European and Others regional group, ending Israel's historic exclusion from regional group deliberations and allowing it to, for the first time, stand for election to leadership positions in UN sub-bodies. At the time, it had 17 members. In , the organization became GBCHealth and expanded its mandate to include an array of health issues. Holbrooke was Clinton's lead foreign policy advisor in her campaign for president and was believed to be her preferred choice for Secretary of State. Replicate the past success, he said, and Afghans would have money and jobs—and that, in turn, would create stability in the country. He called for 'a complete rethink' of the drug problem in Afghanistan, suggesting that draconian eradication programs were bound to fail. However, according to David Corn , "Holbrooke's skill set did not lead to much accomplishment in Afghanistan. He never worked out a productive relationship with Afghan President Hamid Karzai … He butted heads with other administration officials and was dismissed by European colleagues. He brokered no breakthroughs. Holbrooke was the vice chairman of Perseus LLC, a leading private equity firm. He was a member of the Trilateral Commission , and he has been listed on their membership roster as one of their "Former Members in Public Service". In Afghanistan, as in Vietnam, Holbrooke felt that an over-reliance on military solutions would ultimately fail, but as with Vietnam, few heeded him. In fact, the film suggests, even the fact that he had been in Vietnam diminished his relevancy within the Obama administration. Images of him in The Diplomat on his final, impossible mission show what life and a foreign service career had done to his year-old body: He hurried back to the Department of State to update Hillary Clinton, his boss. She says she tried to solve the policy, generational and temperamental disagreements between the men without much success. At times, Mr. Karzai refused to see him, but Mr. Holbrooke was undeterred. Holbrooke said during one of the periodic breakfasts he had with reporters who covered his diplomatic exploits. He helped his boss, Mrs. But he died before anyone knew if the experiment would succeed. A brilliant, sometimes abrasive infighter, he used a formidable arsenal of facts, bluffs, whispers, implied threats and, when necessary, pyrotechnic fits of anger to press his positions. Obama, who praised Mr. But Mr. Holbrooke dazzled and often intimidated opponents and colleagues around a negotiating table. Some called him a bully, and he looked the part: When he named Mr. Few diplomats could boast of his career accomplishments. Early on, Mr. Holbrooke devoted six years to the Vietnam War: Averell Harriman and Cyrus R. Holbrooke was the author of one volume of the Pentagon Papers, the secret Defense Department history of the Vietnam War that cataloged years of American duplicity in Southeast Asia. The papers were first brought to public attention by The New York Times in During the Clinton presidency, Mr. Marton had been brought up as a Roman Catholic, but discovered that her grandparents were Jews and had died in Auschwitz. Holbrooke resigned from government because he wanted to move back to New York with Kati, and went to work for Credit Suisse First Boston. The bank allowed him to act as President Clinton's representative, first to Cyprus in , and later to Kosovo, where atrocities had been committed by Serbs on the Albanian majority. Extremely tough discussions followed, and when it proved impossible to reach agreement he lobbied within government for air strikes on Serbia. But no breakthrough was forthcoming, and so shortly afterwards Nato began the bombing campaign of March-June that resulted in Serbia's capitulation. It had taken more than a year for his appointment to be confirmed, in part because he was accused of lobbying for Credit Suisse First Boston when engaged on government business. However, once he had been sworn in, he negotiated a crucial deal with the other member nations. After the Republicans won the presidential election and George W Bush became president, Holbrooke went back once again to the private sector, becoming a director of Human Genome Sciences, Inc. In , President Obama made Hillary Clinton, whom Holbrooke had supported in her presidential campaign, secretary of state, while Holbrooke became his envoy to Afghanistan and Pakistan; she acknowledged her friend's "ability to shoulder the most vexing and difficult challenges". Holbrooke's incandescent confrontations with the Afghan president, Hamid Karzai, became legendary. On 21 August , Holbrooke accused Karzai to his face of having rigged the Afghan elections. That day, Holbrooke and Karl Eikenberry, the U. Security in Ghazni had deteriorated sharply, but Usmani offered a portrait of the local insurgency which placed the blame entirely on Pakistanis, Chechens, and Arabs. Instead, he asked how many registered voters in the province would be unable to vote in the Presidential election, on August 20th, because of surging Taliban violence. So it must be at least twenty per cent! We have to be honest with each other. The visit ended with a slide presentation on agriculture, by a colonel from the Texas National Guard. Holbrooke, who was planning to increase sixfold the number of agricultural advisers, stopped the colonel on a slide that showed a list of local projects. Only ten per cent of our aid went through the government here. Minister, we want the people of Ghazni to think of your government as the place where they can go for services. Our goal here, under the new plan that Ambassador Eikenberry is overseeing, is to strengthen your government, not to do it ourselves. Yesterday we were in Lashkar Gah, which in the fifties was known as Little America, with American schools, American movie theatres, streets laid out like an American suburb. All gone. In late May, I spent a few days with a U. Army unit in Wardak Province, southwest of Kabul. There had been rain, and the valleys between the brown mountains were green with apricot and apple orchards. Seven drivers were beheaded. There had been only a hundred and fifty American soldiers in a province of half a million people. This past February, fifteen hundred soldiers, originally scheduled to deploy to Iraq, arrived in Wardak, five months ahead of the additional troops authorized by Obama. They set up combat outposts in each district, up the road from the village bazaars. By May, the highway had become secure, and farmers could transport their goods to Kabul. The Americans in Wardak showed a sophistication about the fight which had come from repeated tours in Iraq and Afghanistan. Counter-insurgency, which just three years ago was discussed by a handful of dissident Army officers and outside experts, is now the lingua franca of American combat units. But these lessons had come very late. Instead, we gave them warlords, because we were focussed on counterterrorism. Meanwhile, every time an Afghan encountered the government, he was hurt by it—abused, asked for a bribe, hauled off to jail without evidence. At least the Taliban offered justice; they heard disputes and delivered swift, if often brutal, verdicts, such as confinement in a box or death. As a result, the Taliban was regaining prestige. Insurgents collected taxes and even set up a commission to hear grievances against their fighters, something that neither the Afghan government nor NATO had done. The day I arrived at the combat outpost, the company was holding a memorial service for two sergeants who had just been killed in an ambush. I walked down from the American base to the bazaar in the midday sun and sat with a dozen Afghan men gathered under a thatch shelter. Grievances began pouring out. We want the police to take responsibility and bring peace for us. Most of the men under the shelter were jobless. These men had little affection for the Taliban, but they had almost no enthusiasm for the upcoming Presidential election, and no good words for any of the candidates, including President Karzai. Holbrooke once told me that three things could cause America to lose the war: Holbrooke was debating how to raise such concerns when he met with Karzai, in Kabul, and I had the sense that he had not yet figured out his strategy. Holbrooke had inherited a major problem: But the Afghan election commission had decided to delay them until August, in order to have more time to prepare. Who would be President in the interim? The Obama Administration, feeling that stability was paramount, believed that Karzai should stay in office. Holbrooke invoked the political chaos in South Vietnam that followed the overthrow of President Diem by an American-backed coup. The American political strategy in Afghanistan was essentially on hold until after the elections, and Holbrooke seemed disinclined to continue to press Karzai to reform his government. Holbrooke, of course, had spent his youth trying to reform the government of South Vietnam and ended up seeking a negotiated solution. He had asked Ambassador Tim Carney, another Vietnam hand, to run the election-monitoring unit at the Embassy in Kabul. He understands that we get into relationships that give the leaders of countries the strength of their weakness. What if the premise is false? In Kabul, Holbrooke and Karzai faced off over lunch at a long banquet table in the Presidential palace, each man flanked by his advisers. The effect on Al Qaeda and the Taliban. Holbrooke then chided him: Could he threaten to cut back on aid? Holbrooke paused for a full ten seconds. The election on August 20th was a disaster that could change the course of the war. Publicly, Holbrooke hailed the election; privately, colleagues said, he suggested that a runoff between Karzai and his main challenger, Abdullah Abdullah, might be necessary for the appearance of legitimacy. Karzai got wind of these words, and, when he and Holbrooke met, the Afghan President exploded, accusing the Americans of plotting to drive him out of office. But since his speech in late March the President has said very little publicly about the war, almost as if he lacked conviction about his own policy. Right now, Richard Holbrooke is getting a sense of the issues, the people. Eventually, the music will shift from Vietnam to the Balkans. And if he gets to a negotiation it will be realistic. It was very hard to imagine a cast of characters, in suits and uniforms and turbans, seated around a table, preparing to end the Af-Pak war, with Holbrooke standing over them, smiling the smile that told you he had won. From Kabul, he called the journalist Stanley Karnow, an old friend, and put him on the phone with General McChrystal to discuss the lessons of Vietnam. He mentioned Vietnam in staff meetings in Washington, and he brought it up in a speech to American Embassy personnel on my last day in Kabul: On the trip, I watched him avoid the mistakes of his predecessors in Vietnam. Vietnam helped Holbrooke understand the fine details of pacification programs, and made him confront the largest strategic question—whether a war should be fought at all. Holbrooke was working from the simple deduction that, because Al Qaeda threatened the United States, America did need to be there. Obama had set the policy, and Holbrooke was carrying it out, relentlessly..

Also, Holbrooke becomes the target of what appears to have been a running joke when Colin Powell — who was himself infamously cut out of the loop in the first George W. Just kidding. The thing about Richard is that everybody liked to josh the guy. He was not a stuffed shirt. Tips For Editing. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. Any text you add should be Dick holbrooke secretary of state, not copied from other sources.

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Teens Sexsi Watch Amateur chubby selfie porn Video Granny comporn. She had first gone to Argentina as a refugee from Germany before moving to the US. Dick was educated at Scarsdale high school, in New York's affluent Westchester county suburb, one of the most academically successful secondary schools in the US. Graduating in , he was influenced by Kennedy's call to young Americans to serve the nation. Holbrooke joined the foreign service, and in was sent as a civilian official to Vietnam, where he was one of a talented cohort of young men who were to become leaders in American diplomacy, including John Negroponte, George W Bush's ambassador to Iraq and deputy secretary of state; Les Aspin, a future congressman and secretary of defence; and Anthony Lake, who became Clinton's national security adviser. Holbrooke worked for the infamous Robert Komer, who earned the sobriquet "Blowtorch Bob" for his work in the Phoenix "strategic hamlets" programme of forced resettlement. Once back in Washington in , Holbrooke worked for two years in the White House under Johnson, and then at the state department, where he was a junior member of the delegation to the fruitless initial peace talks with North Vietnam in Paris. He also wrote one volume of the famous Pentagon Papers, the government's secret history of its involvement in Vietnam, subsequently leaked to the New York Times and the Washington Post by Daniel Ellsberg. In , probably aware that his Vietnam service might not be universally admired, Holbrooke asked to be sent to Morocco as director of the Peace Corps there. Meanwhile, the Taliban had taken control of a dozen districts in Afghanistan. Bruce Riedel, a retired C. When he asked why American troops were there, no two people gave him the same answer. Shortly after the Inauguration, Obama went to the Pentagon, where the Joint Chiefs of Staff gave a slide briefing; instead of delineating a clear goal, the briefing listed more than a dozen goals. Obama called Riedel and asked him to lead a two-month strategic review of the war. Holbrooke would work closely with him. Riedel had studied the region for years, but the most recent intelligence gave new grounds for worry. At the Eisenhower Executive Office Building, in Washington, the review group looked at an array of options, including an abandonment of counter-insurgency in Afghanistan and a very narrow focus on Al Qaeda. Let Afghanistan follow its own destiny, the minimalists argue, and use American power—Predator drones, Special Forces units, spies—to contain Al Qaeda. In the review group, the proponent of a scaled-back policy was Biden, who consistently voiced skepticism, asking: Is there an alternative? Obama would have to accept the risk that Al Qaeda might pull off another catastrophic attack. The abandonment of Afghanistan to the Taliban would also be a dire prospect for Afghans, especially women, but in war-weary America this argument no longer had force. The basis for a policy had to be American self-interest. As the strategic review continued, through February and March, support for the war kept slipping. This unrealistic time frame—which coincides with the run-up to the elections—was adopted by numerous Administration officials. By August, more than half of Americans, and seventy per cent of Democrats, had turned against the war. There were obvious similarities between Afghanistan and Vietnam: The differences were also worth noting: Vietnam had never posed a direct threat to the United States, but the Taliban, because of its alliance with terrorist networks, did. This argument won the day, and it set the Obama Administration on a course of escalation that would be difficult to undo. But a shadow hovered: Obama spent an hour talking with him. Intellectual honesty in the private councils of the White House told you something about the calibre of the officials involved, but in the realm of public policy it made little difference. On March 27th, the Administration rolled out its new strategy for Afghanistan and Pakistan. Obama, in a speech, reminded the country that Al Qaeda was still trying to attack America. It sounded tough-minded, and it offered Americans a simple and self-interested reason for their young people to risk death in remote places. But the implications were broad. He also said that the Administration would establish benchmarks for measuring progress. Last week, around fifty of them were finally released to Congress. The new strategy meant different things to different audiences. According to Shuja Nawaz, an analyst of the Pakistani military, the aid package was seen in Pakistan as a sign of American support, while in Afghanistan the Obama strategy, with its talk of lowered expectations for Afghan democracy, raised fears of reduced commitment. On May 30th, Morton Abramowitz ran into Holbrooke at a memorial service. But there is no short-term fix. The rationale is counterterrorism. The strategy is counter-insurgency. But he never said anything about leaving Afghanistan on a specified timetable. Our goal has got to be to get combat troops out eventually. But any correct policy toward Afghanistan involves extended economic assistance. In early December, , Vali Nasr, an Iranian-American scholar of the Muslim world, especially Pakistan, received a text message from Holbrooke around midnight, wondering if Nasr was awake. When Nasr called back, Holbrooke told him that his new special-representative role was going to be mentioned in the Washington Post the next day. Holbrooke locked him in as well. Holbrooke and his wife, Kati Marton, an author and a human-rights activist, perched atop a rusting Soviet tank in the Afghan city of Herat. Berk, who had worked briefly in Afghanistan, wrote an e-mail to Holbrooke with some ideas for agriculture in Afghanistan, expecting no answer. Within a few days, he had an interview scheduled. Holbrooke, who knew little about agriculture other than that it was an essential but neglected area in Afghanistan, pummelled Berk with questions, then offered him a job. Holbrooke was married three times. His first wife was Larrine Sullivan, whom he married in ; they had two sons, David and Anthony, before Holbrooke and Sullivan divorced in Holbrooke died on December 13, , from complications of the torn aorta. Frank Rich of New York Times wrote: On January 14, , Holbrooke's memorial service was held at John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. The film Diplomacy was dedicated to Holbrooke. In , Holbrooke's son David directed a documentary, The Diplomat , which chronicled his father's professional life and achievements. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Richard Holbrooke. Larrine Sullivan m. Blythe Babyak m. Kati Marton m. This section relies largely or entirely upon a single source. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please help improve this article by introducing citations to additional sources. February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Paris, marriages to Peter Jennings and Richard Holbrooke, and a couple affairs". Washington Post. Retrieved 18 October Holbrooke, Giant of Diplomacy, Dies at 69". Foreign Policy. Retrieved An American in Full". Retrieved 29 April A Disappointed Man". New York Times. Retrieved 13 December The couple had two sons, David and Anthony, and were divorced. His marriage to Blythe Babyak, a television producer, also ended in divorce. In , he married Kati Marton, an author, journalist and human rights advocate who had been married to the ABC anchorman Peter Jennings until their divorce in He is survived by Ms. Marton; his two sons; his brother, Andrew; and two stepchildren, Christopher and Elizabeth Jennings. After language training, he spent three years working in Vietnam. In , he joined President Lyndon B. The talks achieved no breakthrough, but the experience taught him much about the arts of negotiation. In , after a year as a fellow at Princeton, he became director of the Peace Corps in Morocco. He quit government service in and over the next five years edited the quarterly journal Foreign Policy. Holbrooke left the government and for more than a decade focused on writing and investment banking. When President Clinton took office in , Mr. Holbrooke was named ambassador to Germany. Two years later he gained his first experience of the robust and pugnacious attitude sometimes required to secure peace deals when he joined the American delegation in Paris that was negotiating an end the war in Vietnam. He then left the State Department to take up a month sabbatical at the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton, where he was a fellow, before rejoining government as the director of the Peace Corps in Morocco. In , with his tour in Morocco nearly up, he agreed to edit the magazine Foreign Policy following the untimely death of its first editor. He was beginning to acquire a reputation as a brazen self-promoter, but while this earned the scorn of his peers and inferiors, it attracted the attention of those who mattered. After five years at the helm of the magazine, Holbrooke returned to politics as a security adviser to Jimmy Carter, who was then running for the American presidency. Once Carter was elected, Holbrooke became assistant secretary of state for East Asian and Pacific affairs. The chief political achievement of this appointment was the gradual thawing of Cold War tensions between America and countries in the region, notably China, with which diplomatic relations were established in For Holbrooke personally, however, the job was to spark a lifelong interest in the plight of refugees, of whom several hundred thousand moved to the United States from south-east Asia during his time overseeing the region. But he was also heavily criticised for becoming too close to the Philippine dictator, Ferdinand Marcos, and his wife, Imelda, during negotiations over the renewal of leases of American bases in the Philippines. In Afghanistan, as in Vietnam, Holbrooke felt that an over-reliance on military solutions would ultimately fail, but as with Vietnam, few heeded him. In fact, the film suggests, even the fact that he had been in Vietnam diminished his relevancy within the Obama administration. Images of him in The Diplomat on his final, impossible mission show what life and a foreign service career had done to his year-old body: Senate — He was the third African American to…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox! By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Policy. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Help us improve this article! Contact our editors with your feedback. Edit Mode. Richard Holbrooke..

After a year in Berlin, he was brought back to Washington as assistant secretary of state for European affairs, and became passionately committed to the search for peace in the former Yugoslavia. He invited them and the Muslim leader Alija Izetbegovic to an isolated airbase near Dayton, Ohio, where in a brilliant display of "parallel diplomacy", negotiating separately with all parties, he achieved the accords that ended the fighting in Bosnia by devising a federal structure to accommodate Bosnian Serbs on the one hand, and Croatians Dick holbrooke secretary of state Muslims on the other.

He maintained that the Serbs had experienced nothing but military success, and would not come to the table unless they feared American military power. With the concluding of the Dayton Peace Agreement on Bosnia-Herzegovina in NovemberHolbrooke then announced that he had to go and get married.

This was the third such occasion, his marriages to Larrine Sullivan, a lawyer, and Blythe Babyak, a television producer, having ended in divorce. His Dick holbrooke secretary of state bride was the television journalist Kati Marton, daughter article source the Associated Press's White House correspondent, Endre Marton, and previously the wife of the television anchor Peter Jennings.

Marton had been Dick holbrooke secretary of state up as a Roman Catholic, but discovered that her grandparents were Jews and had died in Auschwitz.

Uuuuhiihukhuiiu Wwwxxx Watch Deep throat fuck video Video Bobes sexy. Doctors found a tear to his aorta, and he underwent a hour operation. Holbrooke had additional surgery on Sunday and remained in very critical condition until his death. It was a coup preceded and followed by his peacekeeping missions to the tinderbox of ethnic, religious and regional conflicts that was formerly Yugoslavia. More recently, Mr. Holbrooke wrestled with the stunning complexity of Afghanistan and Pakistan: One of his main tasks was to press President Hamid Karzai of Afghanistan to take responsibility for security in his country and to confront the corruption that imperils the American mission there. At times, Mr. Karzai refused to see him, but Mr. Holbrooke was undeterred. Holbrooke said during one of the periodic breakfasts he had with reporters who covered his diplomatic exploits. He helped his boss, Mrs. But he died before anyone knew if the experiment would succeed. A brilliant, sometimes abrasive infighter, he used a formidable arsenal of facts, bluffs, whispers, implied threats and, when necessary, pyrotechnic fits of anger to press his positions. Related Articles. He was named ambassador to the United Nations in , where his major achievement was bureaucratic — the renegotiation of American dues to the organisation in return for the settlement by Washington of almost a billion dollars in back payments With the return of a Republican administration in , Holbrooke went back to his career in finance. Politics Obituaries. In Politics Obituaries. Telegraph on Facebook. More from The Telegraph. More from the web. Most-read Obituaries. Rob Ford, Canadian politician. In Afghanistan, as in Vietnam, Holbrooke felt that an over-reliance on military solutions would ultimately fail, but as with Vietnam, few heeded him. In fact, the film suggests, even the fact that he had been in Vietnam diminished his relevancy within the Obama administration. Images of him in The Diplomat on his final, impossible mission show what life and a foreign service career had done to his year-old body: At an official reception in Islamabad, I chatted with an elegant young member of the Senate who had an Ivy League education, and who was being groomed as a diplomat; that day in her district, where her family was one of the largest landowners, her constituents were rioting and burning railroad cars because of the electricity shortage. Holbrooke gave numerous interviews to local journalists and television anchors, providing blunt but not unfriendly answers to often hostile questions, and eventually winning a grudging respect. At the hotel, he had breakfast with a group of refugees who had fled to Islamabad from Swat. None of them thought it was safe to go home. Holbrooke spent an intense hour listening to their stories and asking sympathetic questions. What discourages me most is that so many Pakistanis think the United States is responsible for your problems. There is not a school, there is not a hospital, there is not a road, there is not a dam, there is not a new seed, a new crop. There is not a single mark. In Islamabad, it became clear how few levers Holbrooke had at his disposal. Many of the subjects central to U. Fourteen years ago, when Rohde was taken prisoner by Serbian militiamen, in Bosnia, Holbrooke had made his release a condition of the Dayton talks, and Milosevic had complied. Holbrooke was denied the tools required to hammer out a grand bargain for the region: In Afghanistan, the atmosphere of the trip changed: Holbrooke switched his suit for a pink checked shirt, khakis, sunglasses, and a U. He seemed less like a visiting emissary than like a proconsul inspecting a vast operation over which he commanded much of the authority. For two days, we flew, by C transport plane and Black Hawk helicopter, around the southern provinces, where an otherworldly heat rose from the desert and reports of intense fighting met us at every stop. The ruggedness of travel in Afghanistan and the proximity of the war energized Holbrooke. At briefings in each province, he asked questions that showed an astonishing grasp of detail. In Helmand, American marines had just arrived, and they and British troops found themselves in bloody combat with Taliban cells. The provincial capital, Lashkar Gah, had been built with American assistance under Truman and Eisenhower, and we drove past a derelict movie theatre and an abandoned building that had once housed U. Just before our arrival, British troops had found and burned a cache of three hundred tons of opium in Helmand. It was a question that he asked everywhere he went. And a large number because of pressure—because they will be killed. The Governor said he had discussed the subject that morning with elders in one of the districts. Polish battalions were stationed there, and, like other NATO allies in Helmand and Kandahar, the Poles found that support from the Afghan Army was woefully lacking; the police were barely present. Holbrooke, who had kept harping on the need to transfer responsibility to the Afghans, was appalled. That day, Holbrooke and Karl Eikenberry, the U. Security in Ghazni had deteriorated sharply, but Usmani offered a portrait of the local insurgency which placed the blame entirely on Pakistanis, Chechens, and Arabs. Instead, he asked how many registered voters in the province would be unable to vote in the Presidential election, on August 20th, because of surging Taliban violence. So it must be at least twenty per cent! We have to be honest with each other. The visit ended with a slide presentation on agriculture, by a colonel from the Texas National Guard. Holbrooke, who was planning to increase sixfold the number of agricultural advisers, stopped the colonel on a slide that showed a list of local projects. Only ten per cent of our aid went through the government here. Minister, we want the people of Ghazni to think of your government as the place where they can go for services. Our goal here, under the new plan that Ambassador Eikenberry is overseeing, is to strengthen your government, not to do it ourselves. Yesterday we were in Lashkar Gah, which in the fifties was known as Little America, with American schools, American movie theatres, streets laid out like an American suburb. All gone. In late May, I spent a few days with a U. Army unit in Wardak Province, southwest of Kabul. There had been rain, and the valleys between the brown mountains were green with apricot and apple orchards. Seven drivers were beheaded. There had been only a hundred and fifty American soldiers in a province of half a million people. This past February, fifteen hundred soldiers, originally scheduled to deploy to Iraq, arrived in Wardak, five months ahead of the additional troops authorized by Obama. They set up combat outposts in each district, up the road from the village bazaars. By May, the highway had become secure, and farmers could transport their goods to Kabul. Marton said that by the end of the summer of , not long before his death, Holbrooke had begun to grow confident that he could deliver a strategic vision for the region that would address the fundamental issues in the U. I think I can see how all the pieces can fit together. Skip to Main Content. Justice Department releases redacted Mueller report. Continue to article content. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter. His experience there and in Washington, D. After serving as Peace Corps director in Morocco from to , he edited the quarterly magazine Foreign Policy — He returned to the government in when Pres. Jimmy Carter appointed him assistant secretary of state for East Asian and Pacific affairs. From to Holbrooke was both vice president of Public Strategies, a Washington consulting firm, and senior adviser to the New York investment firm Lehman Brothers; he then served as managing director of Lehman Brothers from until Holbrooke served in the administration of Pres. Bill Clinton as ambassador to Germany —94 and assistant secretary of state for European and Canadian affairs — In that role, he spent much of his time focused on the Balkans, and he was the chief U. The Dayton Accords , achieved through his unorthodox mix of diplomacy , bluffing, and bullying, laid the groundwork for a lasting peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina see Bosnian conflict. Considered briefly in late as a possible candidate for secretary of state, Holbrooke lost the position to Madeleine Albright. The New York Times ranked the book as one of the eleven best books of the year in In August , Holbrooke was sworn-in as the 22nd U. Ambassador to the United Nations , replacing Bill Richardson. During his tenure, Holbrooke was known for innovation and for achieving diplomatic breakthroughs that settled a series of longstanding tensions in the United States' relationship with the UN. His highest-profile accomplishment was negotiating a historic deal between the United States and the UN's then Member States to settle the bulk of arrears owed by the United States to the United Nations. As negotiations reached a critical phase in the fall of , Holbrooke bridged a gap between what the United States was legally permitted to pay and the amounts the rest of the UN membership were willing to shoulder by securing an unprecedented contribution by billionaire Ted Turner , founder of the UN Foundation. Holbrooke and his team received a standing ovation in the United States Senate Foreign Relations Committee when the terms of the deal were presented. In January , Holbrooke used the United States' presidency of the UN Security Council to spotlight a series of crises in Africa, holding six consecutive UN debates that brought together leaders from the region and the across the globe, including former South African President Nelson Mandela and then U. Holbrooke decried a "double standard" whereby African conflicts received insufficient global attention. Holbrooke also secured membership for Israel in the UN's Western European and Others regional group, ending Israel's historic exclusion from regional group deliberations and allowing it to, for the first time, stand for election to leadership positions in UN sub-bodies. At the time, it had 17 members. In , the organization became GBCHealth and expanded its mandate to include an array of health issues. Holbrooke was Clinton's lead foreign policy advisor in her campaign for president and was believed to be her preferred choice for Secretary of State. Replicate the past success, he said, and Afghans would have money and jobs—and that, in turn, would create stability in the country. He called for 'a complete rethink' of the drug problem in Afghanistan, suggesting that draconian eradication programs were bound to fail. However, according to David Corn , "Holbrooke's skill set did not lead to much accomplishment in Afghanistan. He never worked out a productive relationship with Afghan President Hamid Karzai … He butted heads with other administration officials and was dismissed by European colleagues. He brokered no breakthroughs. Holbrooke was the vice chairman of Perseus LLC, a leading private equity firm. He was a member of the Trilateral Commission , and he has been listed on their membership roster as one of their "Former Members in Public Service". Holbrooke was also an honorary trustee of the Dayton International Peace Museum , as well as professor-at-large at the Watson Institute for International Studies at Brown University , his alma mater. Additionally, Holbrooke was an Advisory Board member for the Partnership for a Secure America , a not-for-profit organization dedicated to recreating the bipartisan center in American national security and foreign policy. He wrote numerous articles and two books: He received more than a dozen honorary degrees, including an LL. On March 20, , he appeared on The Colbert Report to mediate in what Stephen Colbert or rather, his television alter-ego saw as Willie Nelson infringing on his ice cream flavor time. Holbrooke was the 'ambassador on call' and after a short mediation process the two parties agreed to taste each other's Ben and Jerry's ice cream to make amends. The documentary was directed by his son, David Holbrooke , and features notes from Holbrooke's "secret audio diary" which "he dictated on a near daily basis from August until his death". He was a member of the Steering Committee of the Bilderberg Group..

Holbrooke resigned from government because he wanted to move back to New York with Kati, and went to work for Credit Suisse First Boston. Their friendship, always competitive, eventually curdled. Holbrooke began losing faith in the war.

Because the meeting had no official status and produced no paper trail—the point was a candid conversation, over drinks—Katzenbach called the gathering the Non-Group.

Holbrooke was desperate to attend. Without quite saying that the United States should withdraw, he argued that Hanoi was winning, not on the battlefield but in America:.

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Johnson had two choices. He could escalate the war in an attempt to strike a decisive blow against North Vietnam—an unlikely outcome. Or he could accept the impossibility of defeating the Communists in South Vietnam, and try instead to reduce civilian Dick holbrooke secretary of state, turn over more responsibility for fighting to the Vietnamese, pressure the government in Saigon to improve its performance, and seek an opening for negotiations.

Xxxkvideos Pk Watch Amateur mature man fucking Video Sexy local. Its predecessor, the League of Nations, was created by the Treaty of Versailles in and disbanded in…. Barack Obama , 44th president of the United States —17 and the first African American to hold the office. Before winning the presidency, Obama represented Illinois in the U. Senate — He was the third African American to…. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox! By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Policy. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Help us improve this article! Contact our editors with your feedback. Edit Mode. Richard Holbrooke. Tips For Editing. To End a War. New York, New York: Random House. Policymaking for a New Era". Archived from the original on December 6, The New York Times. BusinessSource Elite. The Best Books of ". Press TV. Retrieved November 24, Saves Its U. Daily News. January 17, Archived from the original on January 24, Strategy Page. Retrieved 23 Sept from www. Comedy Central. Bilderberg Group. United States Diplomatic Mission to Italy. Democratic National Committee. The Boston Globe. Retrieved 14 December ABC News. United States Ambassadors to Germany. United States Ambassadors to the United Nations. Cabinet of President Bill Clinton — Warren M. Christopher — Madeleine Albright — Les Aspin —94 William J. Perry — William S. Cohen — Janet Reno — Bruce Babbitt — Mike Espy —94 Dan Glickman — Daley — Norman Mineta — Robert Reich — Alexis M. Herman — Donna Shalala — Henry G. Cisneros — Andrew M. Samantha Power, the president of Afghanistan and many more American foreign policy leaders, thinkers and journalists. The film opens with Holbrooke in his boyish early 20s, the classic Kennedy-era American abroad in khakis, Ray-Bans and oxford cloth. Fresh out of college, he was an ambitious young man who had set off to be a journalist but snagged a job in the foreign service first. His sharply worded and critical dispatches from the field, unusual from a junior officer, set the tone for his career. He thrived under Democratic presidents, serving in the Carter, Clinton and Obama administrations in various high-ranking positions, including U. He maintained that the Serbs had experienced nothing but military success, and would not come to the table unless they feared American military power. With the concluding of the Dayton Peace Agreement on Bosnia-Herzegovina in November , Holbrooke then announced that he had to go and get married. This was the third such occasion, his marriages to Larrine Sullivan, a lawyer, and Blythe Babyak, a television producer, having ended in divorce. His new bride was the television journalist Kati Marton, daughter of the Associated Press's White House correspondent, Endre Marton, and previously the wife of the television anchor Peter Jennings. Marton had been brought up as a Roman Catholic, but discovered that her grandparents were Jews and had died in Auschwitz. Holbrooke resigned from government because he wanted to move back to New York with Kati, and went to work for Credit Suisse First Boston. The bank allowed him to act as President Clinton's representative, first to Cyprus in , and later to Kosovo, where atrocities had been committed by Serbs on the Albanian majority. Extremely tough discussions followed, and when it proved impossible to reach agreement he lobbied within government for air strikes on Serbia. But no breakthrough was forthcoming, and so shortly afterwards Nato began the bombing campaign of March-June that resulted in Serbia's capitulation. It had taken more than a year for his appointment to be confirmed, in part because he was accused of lobbying for Credit Suisse First Boston when engaged on government business. However, once he had been sworn in, he negotiated a crucial deal with the other member nations. Only ten per cent of our aid went through the government here. Minister, we want the people of Ghazni to think of your government as the place where they can go for services. Our goal here, under the new plan that Ambassador Eikenberry is overseeing, is to strengthen your government, not to do it ourselves. Yesterday we were in Lashkar Gah, which in the fifties was known as Little America, with American schools, American movie theatres, streets laid out like an American suburb. All gone. In late May, I spent a few days with a U. Army unit in Wardak Province, southwest of Kabul. There had been rain, and the valleys between the brown mountains were green with apricot and apple orchards. Seven drivers were beheaded. There had been only a hundred and fifty American soldiers in a province of half a million people. This past February, fifteen hundred soldiers, originally scheduled to deploy to Iraq, arrived in Wardak, five months ahead of the additional troops authorized by Obama. They set up combat outposts in each district, up the road from the village bazaars. By May, the highway had become secure, and farmers could transport their goods to Kabul. The Americans in Wardak showed a sophistication about the fight which had come from repeated tours in Iraq and Afghanistan. Counter-insurgency, which just three years ago was discussed by a handful of dissident Army officers and outside experts, is now the lingua franca of American combat units. But these lessons had come very late. Instead, we gave them warlords, because we were focussed on counterterrorism. Meanwhile, every time an Afghan encountered the government, he was hurt by it—abused, asked for a bribe, hauled off to jail without evidence. At least the Taliban offered justice; they heard disputes and delivered swift, if often brutal, verdicts, such as confinement in a box or death. As a result, the Taliban was regaining prestige. Insurgents collected taxes and even set up a commission to hear grievances against their fighters, something that neither the Afghan government nor NATO had done. The day I arrived at the combat outpost, the company was holding a memorial service for two sergeants who had just been killed in an ambush. I walked down from the American base to the bazaar in the midday sun and sat with a dozen Afghan men gathered under a thatch shelter. Grievances began pouring out. We want the police to take responsibility and bring peace for us. Most of the men under the shelter were jobless. These men had little affection for the Taliban, but they had almost no enthusiasm for the upcoming Presidential election, and no good words for any of the candidates, including President Karzai. Holbrooke once told me that three things could cause America to lose the war: Holbrooke was debating how to raise such concerns when he met with Karzai, in Kabul, and I had the sense that he had not yet figured out his strategy. Holbrooke had inherited a major problem: But the Afghan election commission had decided to delay them until August, in order to have more time to prepare. Who would be President in the interim? The Obama Administration, feeling that stability was paramount, believed that Karzai should stay in office. Holbrooke invoked the political chaos in South Vietnam that followed the overthrow of President Diem by an American-backed coup. The American political strategy in Afghanistan was essentially on hold until after the elections, and Holbrooke seemed disinclined to continue to press Karzai to reform his government. Holbrooke, of course, had spent his youth trying to reform the government of South Vietnam and ended up seeking a negotiated solution. He had asked Ambassador Tim Carney, another Vietnam hand, to run the election-monitoring unit at the Embassy in Kabul. He understands that we get into relationships that give the leaders of countries the strength of their weakness. What if the premise is false? In Kabul, Holbrooke and Karzai faced off over lunch at a long banquet table in the Presidential palace, each man flanked by his advisers. The effect on Al Qaeda and the Taliban. Holbrooke then chided him: Could he threaten to cut back on aid? Holbrooke paused for a full ten seconds. The election on August 20th was a disaster that could change the course of the war. Publicly, Holbrooke hailed the election; privately, colleagues said, he suggested that a runoff between Karzai and his main challenger, Abdullah Abdullah, might be necessary for the appearance of legitimacy. Karzai got wind of these words, and, when he and Holbrooke met, the Afghan President exploded, accusing the Americans of plotting to drive him out of office. But since his speech in late March the President has said very little publicly about the war, almost as if he lacked conviction about his own policy. Right now, Richard Holbrooke is getting a sense of the issues, the people. Eventually, the music will shift from Vietnam to the Balkans. And if he gets to a negotiation it will be realistic. It was very hard to imagine a cast of characters, in suits and uniforms and turbans, seated around a table, preparing to end the Af-Pak war, with Holbrooke standing over them, smiling the smile that told you he had won. From Kabul, he called the journalist Stanley Karnow, an old friend, and put him on the phone with General McChrystal to discuss the lessons of Vietnam. He mentioned Vietnam in staff meetings in Washington, and he brought it up in a speech to American Embassy personnel on my last day in Kabul: On the trip, I watched him avoid the mistakes of his predecessors in Vietnam. Vietnam helped Holbrooke understand the fine details of pacification programs, and made him confront the largest strategic question—whether a war should be fought at all. Holbrooke was working from the simple deduction that, because Al Qaeda threatened the United States, America did need to be there. Obama had set the policy, and Holbrooke was carrying it out, relentlessly. Holbrooke must know that there will be no American victory in this war; he can only try to forestall potential disaster. But if he considers success unlikely, or even questions the premise of the war, he has kept it to himself. I still believe in that. The President skimmed the memo. On the beaches? He waved off the idea. Recommended Stories..

Holbrooke showed the memo to Katzenbach. InHolbrooke joined the American delegation at the peace talks with the North Vietnamese in Paris. He soon wrote Anthony Lake, who had joined the new Administration, with a detailed proposal for a ceasefire, American withdrawal, and power-sharing between Saigon and the Vietcong.

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Inhe became the Peace Corps director in Source. The next year, he visited Peace Corps operations in Afghanistan.

Dick holbrooke secretary of state country left a lasting impression. Morton Abramowitz, a veteran of the foreign-policy establishment, put it bluntly: And this is going to be God-damned difficult.

He did so without having time to come up with a strategy for how they should be used.

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Meanwhile, the Taliban had taken control of a dozen districts in Afghanistan. Bruce Riedel, a retired C.

Buttfuck tumblr Watch Amateur mature fucking porn Video Sex hulst. Alternative Title: Richard Charles Albert Holbrooke. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: The process was led by Richard Holbrooke , who was the chief U. Bosnia and Herzegovina , country situated in the western Balkan Peninsula of Europe. The larger region of Bosnia occupies the northern and central parts of the country, and Herzegovina occupies the south and southwest. These historical regions do not correspond with the two autonomous political entities that were established by the…. United Nations UN , international organization established on October 24, The United Nations UN was the second multipurpose international organization established in the 20th century that was worldwide in scope and membership. Its predecessor, the League of Nations, was created by the Treaty of Versailles in and disbanded in…. Albright, Mr. Obama installed Mrs. Clinton in the post in View all New York Times newsletters. Foreign policy was his life. Even during Republican administrations, when he was not in government, he was deeply engaged, undertaking missions as a private citizen traveling through the war-weary Balkans and the backwaters of Africa and Asia to see firsthand the damage and devastating human costs of genocide, civil wars, and H. And his voice on the outside remained influential — as an editor of Foreign Policy magazine from to , as a writer of columns for The Washington Post and analytical articles for many other publications, and as the author of two books. Holbrooke also made millions as an investment banker on Wall Street. In the early s, he was a co-founder of a Washington consulting firm, Public Strategies, which was later sold to Lehman Brothers. Dan Holbrooke, a physician, and the former Trudi Moos. At Brown University, he majored in history and was editor of the student newspaper. He intended to become a journalist, but after graduating in he was turned down by The Times and joined the State Department as a foreign service officer. In , Mr. Is there an alternative? Obama would have to accept the risk that Al Qaeda might pull off another catastrophic attack. The abandonment of Afghanistan to the Taliban would also be a dire prospect for Afghans, especially women, but in war-weary America this argument no longer had force. The basis for a policy had to be American self-interest. As the strategic review continued, through February and March, support for the war kept slipping. This unrealistic time frame—which coincides with the run-up to the elections—was adopted by numerous Administration officials. By August, more than half of Americans, and seventy per cent of Democrats, had turned against the war. There were obvious similarities between Afghanistan and Vietnam: The differences were also worth noting: Vietnam had never posed a direct threat to the United States, but the Taliban, because of its alliance with terrorist networks, did. This argument won the day, and it set the Obama Administration on a course of escalation that would be difficult to undo. But a shadow hovered: Obama spent an hour talking with him. Intellectual honesty in the private councils of the White House told you something about the calibre of the officials involved, but in the realm of public policy it made little difference. On March 27th, the Administration rolled out its new strategy for Afghanistan and Pakistan. Obama, in a speech, reminded the country that Al Qaeda was still trying to attack America. It sounded tough-minded, and it offered Americans a simple and self-interested reason for their young people to risk death in remote places. But the implications were broad. He also said that the Administration would establish benchmarks for measuring progress. Last week, around fifty of them were finally released to Congress. The new strategy meant different things to different audiences. According to Shuja Nawaz, an analyst of the Pakistani military, the aid package was seen in Pakistan as a sign of American support, while in Afghanistan the Obama strategy, with its talk of lowered expectations for Afghan democracy, raised fears of reduced commitment. On May 30th, Morton Abramowitz ran into Holbrooke at a memorial service. But there is no short-term fix. The rationale is counterterrorism. The strategy is counter-insurgency. But he never said anything about leaving Afghanistan on a specified timetable. Our goal has got to be to get combat troops out eventually. But any correct policy toward Afghanistan involves extended economic assistance. In early December, , Vali Nasr, an Iranian-American scholar of the Muslim world, especially Pakistan, received a text message from Holbrooke around midnight, wondering if Nasr was awake. When Nasr called back, Holbrooke told him that his new special-representative role was going to be mentioned in the Washington Post the next day. Holbrooke locked him in as well. Holbrooke and his wife, Kati Marton, an author and a human-rights activist, perched atop a rusting Soviet tank in the Afghan city of Herat. Berk, who had worked briefly in Afghanistan, wrote an e-mail to Holbrooke with some ideas for agriculture in Afghanistan, expecting no answer. Within a few days, he had an interview scheduled. Holbrooke, who knew little about agriculture other than that it was an essential but neglected area in Afghanistan, pummelled Berk with questions, then offered him a job. An Afghan-American woman in her thirties, Amiri came from a royalist family in Kabul that had fled to America when the Afghan king Zahir Shah was overthrown, in ; since , she had been working in Afghanistan on political and human-rights issues, for the U. Amiri sat in the row behind Holbrooke and pressed him about a constitutional problem related to the Afghan elections. I just turned your lobbying into a job interview. She asked him for more specifics. Amiri was wary of losing her independence. Would she be in a meeting in Kabul where her American boss pounded his fist on the table? It took a month, but eventually Holbrooke won her over, hiring her as an Afghanistan expert. Holbrooke has taken over two suites of offices at State Department headquarters, filling them with a staff that has grown to some thirty people. He had told Clinton that he would need around fifteen. Nine government agencies, including the C. Holbrooke decried a "double standard" whereby African conflicts received insufficient global attention. Holbrooke also secured membership for Israel in the UN's Western European and Others regional group, ending Israel's historic exclusion from regional group deliberations and allowing it to, for the first time, stand for election to leadership positions in UN sub-bodies. At the time, it had 17 members. In , the organization became GBCHealth and expanded its mandate to include an array of health issues. Holbrooke was Clinton's lead foreign policy advisor in her campaign for president and was believed to be her preferred choice for Secretary of State. Replicate the past success, he said, and Afghans would have money and jobs—and that, in turn, would create stability in the country. He called for 'a complete rethink' of the drug problem in Afghanistan, suggesting that draconian eradication programs were bound to fail. However, according to David Corn , "Holbrooke's skill set did not lead to much accomplishment in Afghanistan. He never worked out a productive relationship with Afghan President Hamid Karzai … He butted heads with other administration officials and was dismissed by European colleagues. He brokered no breakthroughs. Holbrooke was the vice chairman of Perseus LLC, a leading private equity firm. He was a member of the Trilateral Commission , and he has been listed on their membership roster as one of their "Former Members in Public Service". Holbrooke was also an honorary trustee of the Dayton International Peace Museum , as well as professor-at-large at the Watson Institute for International Studies at Brown University , his alma mater. Additionally, Holbrooke was an Advisory Board member for the Partnership for a Secure America , a not-for-profit organization dedicated to recreating the bipartisan center in American national security and foreign policy. He wrote numerous articles and two books: He received more than a dozen honorary degrees, including an LL. On March 20, , he appeared on The Colbert Report to mediate in what Stephen Colbert or rather, his television alter-ego saw as Willie Nelson infringing on his ice cream flavor time. Holbrooke was the 'ambassador on call' and after a short mediation process the two parties agreed to taste each other's Ben and Jerry's ice cream to make amends. The documentary was directed by his son, David Holbrooke , and features notes from Holbrooke's "secret audio diary" which "he dictated on a near daily basis from August until his death". He was a member of the Steering Committee of the Bilderberg Group. In January , Holbrooke said that " Iraq will be one of the major issues facing the incoming Bush administration at the United Nations. His willingness to be cruel internally is not unique in the world, but the combination of that and his willingness to export his problems makes him a clear and present danger at all times. On February 24, , Holbrooke delivered the Democratic Party 's weekly radio address and called for "a new strategy in Iraq", involving "a careful, phased redeployment of U. Holbrooke was married three times. His first wife was Larrine Sullivan, whom he married in ; they had two sons, David and Anthony, before Holbrooke and Sullivan divorced in Holbrooke died on December 13, , from complications of the torn aorta. Frank Rich of New York Times wrote: On January 14, , Holbrooke's memorial service was held at John F. He was not a stuffed shirt. And he loved it. Later, as U. Republicans in Washington and U. Marton says he was planning to do the same thing with the Taliban, had he lived. Holbrooke was pushing for talks with the Taliban back in , but he made little headway with the White House that year or the next, according to his former aide, Vali Nasr, and other officials. It was very frustrating for me to see and frustrating for him to go through. The icy relations are plain in a photograph of the president and veep scowling at Holbrooke, with Hillary Clinton standing between them, clearly the short female peacemaker in the room. Die at home with family. Though his parents were ethnic Jews, they had little sense of Jewish identity, and were atheists. His father, Dan, had been born in Warsaw of Russian-Jewish parents and in the s came to the US, where he was a successful medical doctor. Dick's mother was the former Trudi Moos, a potter. She had first gone to Argentina as a refugee from Germany before moving to the US. Dick was educated at Scarsdale high school, in New York's affluent Westchester county suburb, one of the most academically successful secondary schools in the US. Graduating in , he was influenced by Kennedy's call to young Americans to serve the nation. Holbrooke joined the foreign service, and in was sent as a civilian official to Vietnam, where he was one of a talented cohort of young men who were to become leaders in American diplomacy, including John Negroponte, George W Bush's ambassador to Iraq and deputy secretary of state; Les Aspin, a future congressman and secretary of defence; and Anthony Lake, who became Clinton's national security adviser. Holbrooke worked for the infamous Robert Komer, who earned the sobriquet "Blowtorch Bob" for his work in the Phoenix "strategic hamlets" programme of forced resettlement..

When he asked why American troops were there, no two people gave him the same answer. Shortly after the Inauguration, Obama went to the Pentagon, where the Joint Chiefs of Staff gave a slide briefing; instead of delineating a clear goal, the briefing listed more than a dozen goals.

Obama called Riedel and asked him to lead a two-month strategic review of the war. Holbrooke would work closely with him.

Riedel had studied the region for years, but the most recent intelligence gave new grounds for worry. At the Eisenhower Executive Office Building, in Washington, the review Dick holbrooke secretary of state looked at an array of options, including Dick holbrooke secretary of state abandonment of counter-insurgency in Afghanistan and a very narrow focus on Al Qaeda.

Let Afghanistan follow its own destiny, the minimalists argue, and use American power—Predator drones, Special Forces units, spies—to contain Al Qaeda. In the review group, the proponent of a scaled-back policy was Biden, who consistently voiced skepticism, asking: Is there an alternative?

Obama would have to accept the risk that Al Qaeda might pull off another catastrophic attack. The abandonment of Afghanistan to the Taliban would also be a dire prospect for Afghans, especially women, but in war-weary America this argument no longer had force. The basis for a policy had to be American self-interest. As the strategic review continued, through February and March, support for the war kept slipping.

This unrealistic Dick holbrooke secretary of state frame—which coincides with the run-up to the elections—was adopted by numerous Administration officials. By August, more than half of Americans, and seventy per cent of Democrats, had turned against the war. There were obvious similarities between Afghanistan and Vietnam: The differences were also worth noting: Vietnam had never posed a direct threat to the United States, but the Taliban, because of its alliance with terrorist networks, did.

This argument won the day, and it set the Obama Administration on a Dick holbrooke secretary of state of escalation that would be difficult here undo.

Piratewap pussy Watch Sex game ipad Video Xxxxx Flim. His sharply worded and critical dispatches from the field, unusual from a junior officer, set the tone for his career. He thrived under Democratic presidents, serving in the Carter, Clinton and Obama administrations in various high-ranking positions, including U. His greatest diplomatic feat was masterminding a peace accord in the Balkans, applying a combination of personal charm and steel on the bully, Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic, as NATO backed him up with bombs. The Diplomat goes behind the scenes, with footage of a haggard Holbrooke and Clark, shuttling by car and plane hour by hour, day by day, through Balkan war zones and between warring leaders, as some Bosnian citizens dodge sniper fire while others end up in mass graves. Can I go? Can we claim more leadership for you, me and State? Also, Holbrooke becomes the target of what appears to have been a running joke when Colin Powell — who was himself infamously cut out of the loop in the first George W. Just kidding. The thing about Richard is that everybody liked to josh the guy. He was not a stuffed shirt. And he loved it. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions. Our editors will review what you've submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we'll add it to the article. Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. Written By: The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. See Article History. Alternative Title: Richard Charles Albert Holbrooke. He helped found the American Academy in Berlin as a cultural exchange center. He returned to Washington in as assistant secretary of state for European affairs. His top priority soon became the horrendous civil war in the former Yugoslavia, a conflict precipitated by the secession of Croatia, Slovenia, Macedonia and Bosnia. After months of shuttle diplomacy, Mr. Holbrooke in achieved a breakthrough cease-fire and a framework for dividing Bosnia into two entities, one of Bosnian Serbs and another of Croatians and Muslims. The endgame negotiations, involving the Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic, President Franjo Tudjman of Croatia and President Alija Izetbegovic of Bosnia, unfolded in Dayton, Ohio, where a peace agreement was reached after months of hard bargaining led by Mr. It was the high-water mark of a career punctuated with awards, honorary degrees and prestigious seats on the boards of the Asia Society, the American Museum of Natural History, the National Endowment for Democracy, the Council on Foreign Relations, Refugees International and other organizations. He was 59 when he left the United Nations as the Clinton administration drew to a close. But there was to be one more task. As Mr. Obama assumed office and attention shifted to Afghanistan, Mr. Holbrooke took on his last assignment. He began by trying to lower expectations, moving away from the grand, transformative goals of President George W. Bush toward something more readily achievable. But his boss and old friend, Mrs. Clinton, expressed absolute confidence in him. The conversation turned to Pakistan. Holbrooke lamented the flight of educated Pakistanis to the United States. Clinton had urged Pakistani-American doctors, especially women, to volunteer in the refugee areas. That week, an electricity crisis was sparking riots in Pakistan. Business got done, but mainly Holbrooke held forth, admitting his young staff into his store of knowledge. Vietnam is as far away from them as World War I was from me. And Vietnam was a shattering experience for everyone. That was forty years ago. I really hate to talk about Vietnam. Later, I asked Singh if Vietnam came up often. Islamabad felt like a capital under siege. We were driven at night from the airport to a barricaded hotel in a convoy of S. One evening, we went to President House, a floodlit Bauhaus-style structure, which had been built by the military dictator Zia ul-Haq in the nineteen-eighties. The reception room was guarded by ceremonial soldiers standing at rigid attention in traditional turbans topped with fans of starched black cotton. After a few minutes, the President entered: As Holbrooke introduced Asif Zardari to his staff, the President kept making quips, like a nervous night-club comedian. We believe in that, we Eastern people. Zardari gave a tortured answer that invoked the Great Game—the nineteenth-century contest between Britain and Russia for control of Central Asia—and midway through he lost the thread. Holbrooke expressed satisfaction that the Pakistani military was finally taking on homegrown militants in Swat. They still allowed the Afghan Taliban to use Pakistan as a sanctuary, apparently in the hope that the insurgents would counteract a growing Indian influence in Afghanistan. I asked Holbrooke if he ever got into disagreements with the Pakistanis about intelligence. Even when he knew it was true? The one thing I believe we can do with Pakistan is to try to reach a strategically symmetrical view on the danger posed by Al Qaeda and its allies. But if you do it in public the doors close. In , Christopher Hill spent months watching Holbrooke negotiate over Bosnia. He makes you think you have to do the deal with him, but that he might not be able to sell it to the other side. He uses humor. But that was as far as he could go. In moments when I overheard him talking to Pakistani leaders, he took the solicitous tone of someone reassuring an unstable friend. At a dinner party in Islamabad, I met a thirty-year-old businessman who told me that, as the head of a family with a huge following of religious mystics, he effectively controls up to eight hundred thousand votes. At an official reception in Islamabad, I chatted with an elegant young member of the Senate who had an Ivy League education, and who was being groomed as a diplomat; that day in her district, where her family was one of the largest landowners, her constituents were rioting and burning railroad cars because of the electricity shortage. Holbrooke gave numerous interviews to local journalists and television anchors, providing blunt but not unfriendly answers to often hostile questions, and eventually winning a grudging respect. At the hotel, he had breakfast with a group of refugees who had fled to Islamabad from Swat. None of them thought it was safe to go home. Holbrooke spent an intense hour listening to their stories and asking sympathetic questions. What discourages me most is that so many Pakistanis think the United States is responsible for your problems. There is not a school, there is not a hospital, there is not a road, there is not a dam, there is not a new seed, a new crop. There is not a single mark. In Islamabad, it became clear how few levers Holbrooke had at his disposal. Many of the subjects central to U. Fourteen years ago, when Rohde was taken prisoner by Serbian militiamen, in Bosnia, Holbrooke had made his release a condition of the Dayton talks, and Milosevic had complied. Holbrooke was denied the tools required to hammer out a grand bargain for the region: In Afghanistan, the atmosphere of the trip changed: Holbrooke switched his suit for a pink checked shirt, khakis, sunglasses, and a U. He seemed less like a visiting emissary than like a proconsul inspecting a vast operation over which he commanded much of the authority. For two days, we flew, by C transport plane and Black Hawk helicopter, around the southern provinces, where an otherworldly heat rose from the desert and reports of intense fighting met us at every stop. The ruggedness of travel in Afghanistan and the proximity of the war energized Holbrooke. At briefings in each province, he asked questions that showed an astonishing grasp of detail. In Helmand, American marines had just arrived, and they and British troops found themselves in bloody combat with Taliban cells. The provincial capital, Lashkar Gah, had been built with American assistance under Truman and Eisenhower, and we drove past a derelict movie theatre and an abandoned building that had once housed U. Just before our arrival, British troops had found and burned a cache of three hundred tons of opium in Helmand. It was a question that he asked everywhere he went. And a large number because of pressure—because they will be killed. The Governor said he had discussed the subject that morning with elders in one of the districts. Washington Post. Retrieved 18 October Holbrooke, Giant of Diplomacy, Dies at 69". Foreign Policy. Retrieved An American in Full". Retrieved 29 April A Disappointed Man". New York Times. Retrieved 13 December The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer. Holbrooke's Biography". Charlotte Rotary. Archived from the original on Archived from the original on October 13, Democracy Now! To End a War. New York, New York: Random House. Policymaking for a New Era". Archived from the original on December 6, The New York Times. BusinessSource Elite. The Best Books of ". Press TV. Retrieved November 24, Saves Its U. Daily News. January 17, Archived from the original on January 24, Strategy Page. Retrieved 23 Sept from www. Comedy Central..

But a shadow hovered: Obama spent an hour talking with him. Intellectual honesty in the private councils of the White House told you something about the calibre of the officials involved, but in the realm of public policy it made little difference. On March 27th, the Administration rolled out its new strategy for Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Obama, in a speech, reminded the country that Al Qaeda was still trying to attack America. Dick holbrooke secretary of state

It sounded tough-minded, and it offered Americans a Dick holbrooke secretary of state and self-interested reason for their young people to risk Dick holbrooke secretary of state in remote places. But the implications were broad. He also said that the Administration would establish benchmarks for measuring progress. Blue sharpei puppies for sale. Barack Obama. His experience there and in Washington, D. After serving as Peace Corps director in Morocco from tohe edited the quarterly magazine Foreign Policy — He returned to the government in when Pres.

Jimmy Carter appointed him assistant secretary of state for East Asian and Pacific affairs. From to Holbrooke was both vice president of Public Strategies, a Washington consulting firm, and senior adviser to the New York investment firm Lehman Brothers; he then served as managing director of Lehman Brothers from until Holbrooke served in the administration of Pres. Bill Clinton as ambassador to Germany —94 and assistant secretary of state for European and Canadian affairs — In that role, he spent much of his time focused on the Balkans, and he was the chief U.

The Dayton Accordsachieved through his unorthodox mix of diplomacybluffing, and bullying, laid the groundwork for a lasting peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina see Bosnian conflict. Considered Dick holbrooke secretary of state in late as a possible candidate for secretary of state, Holbrooke lost the position to Madeleine Albright. Inhowever, he was appointed special envoy to Cyprus, where he attempted to broker a settlement of the two-decade-old dispute over that island between Greece and Turkey.

In Holbrooke returned to the Balkans to attempt to negotiate a cease-fire between Serbs and the ethnic Albanian majority in the ongoing Kosovo conflict. After a prolonged Senate confirmation process, Holbrooke was seated as U. He left government in to serve as vice president of Perseus LLC, a private equity fund.

But few doubted his commitment to securing negotiated settlements to apparently intractable conflicts, or his ability to deliver where others failed. Above all, it worked it Bosnia.

After Pres. Barack Obama took office in JanuaryHolbrooke was named special representative to Afghanistan Dick holbrooke secretary of state Pakistan. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles.

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Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed.

Written By: The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica. See Article History. Alternative Title: Richard Charles Albert Holbrooke. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: The process was led by Richard Holbrookewho was the chief U. Bosnia and Herzegovinacountry situated in the western Balkan Peninsula of Europe.

The larger region of Bosnia occupies the northern and central parts of the country, and Herzegovina occupies the Dick holbrooke secretary of state and southwest.

Richard Charles Albert Holbrooke April 24, — December 13, was an American diplomatmagazine editor, author, professor, Peace Corps Dick holbrooke secretary of state, and investment banker. He was the only person to have held the position of Assistant Secretary of State for two different regions of the world Asia from to and Europe from to

These historical regions do not correspond with the two autonomous political entities that were established by the…. United Nations UNinternational organization established on October 24, The United Nations UN was the second multipurpose international organization established in the 20th century that was Dick holbrooke secretary of state in scope and membership.

Its predecessor, the League of Nations, was created by the Treaty of Versailles in and disbanded in…. Barack Obama44th president of the United States —17 and the first African American to hold the office.

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Before winning the presidency, Obama represented Illinois in the U. Senate — He was the third African American to….

Barack Obama.

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Richard C. He was 69 and lived in Manhattan.

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Obama and Holbrooke hardly knew each other, and Holbrooke had firmly supported Hillary Clinton during the primaries.

Ronald Reagan, 40th president of the United States —89noted for his conservative Republicanism,…. Read this Article.

Richard Holbrookewho has died aged Dick holbrooke secretary of state after suffering a ruptured aorta, was not the most universally beloved, but was certainly one of the ablest, the most admired and the most effective of American diplomats. He is one of the few of that profession in the past 40 years who can be compared with the giants of the "founding generation" of American hegemony, such as Dean Acheson and George Kennan.

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Jimmy Carter appointed him assistant secretary of state for East Asian and Pacific affairs. From to Holbrooke was both vice president of Public. Richard Holbrooke, who has died aged 69 after suffering a ruptured aorta, He was the only person in history to be assistant secretary of state. President Barack Obama, Vice President Joe Biden, then-Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and Richard Holbrooke exchange tense words.

Richard Holbrooke's plan to avoid the mistakes of Vietnam in Although Holbrooke, a State Department veteran, had been careful not to.

Richard Holbrooke, who died on December Dick holbrooke secretary of state aged 69, brought the “I'm not always sure what you are doing, or why,” Secretary of State.

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Among the revelations to emerge from Dick holbrooke secretary of state latest trove of Hillary Clinton emails are jokes and gibes at the expense of Richard Holbrooke, the legendary diplomat who died on the job of a torn aorta literally a broken heart in December as he sought to contain the chaos in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Perhaps the most poignant email is from P.

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